How to Factory Reset Windows 11: A Step-by-Step Guide

Resetting your Windows 11 PC can solve many problems, from sluggish performance to software glitches. It’s like giving your computer a fresh start. Here’s a quick overview: Go to Settings, then System, followed by Recovery. Hit "Reset PC," choose between keeping your files or removing everything, and follow the prompts.

How to Factory Reset Windows 11

Resetting your Windows 11 PC will bring your system back to its original state, either keeping your files or wiping everything clean. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you through the process.

Step 1: Open Settings

Open the Start menu and click on the gear icon to access Settings.

The Settings app is where you control all your Windows features. You can also use the keyboard shortcut Win + I to get there faster.

Step 2: Navigate to System

In Settings, click on the System option from the sidebar.

The System menu contains various options for managing your device, including display settings, notifications, and most importantly, the recovery options.

Step 3: Select Recovery

Scroll down the System menu and click on the Recovery tab.

Recovery is where you’ll find options to reset your PC, advanced startup options, and troubleshoot issues.

Step 4: Click on Reset PC

Under Recovery options, find the Reset this PC section and click on the "Reset PC" button.

This button is your gateway to starting the factory reset process. It will open a new window with further choices.

Step 5: Choose an Option

You will be prompted to either "Keep my files" or "Remove everything." Choose the option that suits your needs.

If you select "Keep my files," Windows will remove apps and settings but keep your personal files intact. If you choose "Remove everything," all files, settings, and apps will be deleted.

Step 6: Follow the Prompts

Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the reset process.

The prompts will guide you through the final steps. Depending on your choice, the reset process may take some time. Make sure your PC is plugged in to avoid interruptions.

After completing these steps, your Windows 11 PC will restart and begin the reset process. If you chose to keep your files, they will still be there, but all apps and settings will be reset. If you opted to remove everything, your PC will be as clean as it was when you first got it.

Tips for Factory Resetting Windows 11

  • Backup Important Files: Always make a backup of important files before starting the reset.
  • Fully Charge Your Laptop: Ensure your device is fully charged or plugged in during the reset to avoid any interruptions.
  • Have Installation Media Ready: If you have crucial software, make sure you have the installation media or download links ready for reinstallation.
  • Check for Updates After Reset: After resetting, check Windows Update for any new updates to ensure your system is up-to-date.
  • Disconnect Unnecessary Peripherals: Remove any external devices like USB drives or external hard drives to prevent complications during the reset.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens to my files after a reset?

If you choose to keep your files, only the apps and settings will be removed. If you opt to remove everything, all personal files, apps, and settings will be deleted.

Can I undo a factory reset?

No, once you reset your PC, you cannot undo the process. Ensure you have backups of important data before proceeding.

How long does a factory reset take?

The time varies based on the system and the amount of data. It could take anywhere from 30 minutes to a couple of hours.

Do I need an internet connection to reset my PC?

No, you don’t need an internet connection to perform a factory reset. However, you will need it afterward to download updates and reinstall apps.

Will resetting my PC remove viruses?

Yes, factory resetting can remove most viruses and malware, especially if you choose to remove everything.


  1. Open Settings
  2. Navigate to System
  3. Select Recovery
  4. Click on Reset PC
  5. Choose an Option
  6. Follow the Prompts


Factory resetting Windows 11 can be a powerful way to solve persistent issues and give your computer a fresh start. Whether you’re dealing with a sluggish system, software conflicts, or just want to wipe everything clean, this guide has you covered. Remember to back up important files, fully charge your device, and follow the steps carefully to ensure a smooth reset process.

Once the reset is complete, your PC will be in a like-new state, potentially running faster and more efficiently. This can be particularly useful if you’re planning to sell your computer or hand it over to someone else. For more in-depth information, always refer to the official Microsoft documentation or seek help from a professional. Happy resetting!